Before the procedure
The dentist must perform several examinations before the patient can get dental implant treatment. It is essential to check currect condition in the oral cavity and the patient must undergo the following examinations: examination with caries detection probe (analysis of dental caries) and with periodontal probe (analysis of periodontium). The dentist also checks the patient’s mucosas and asks about his/her overall health condition and currently taken medications.
Before the final treatment plan is set the patient undergoes radiologic examinations (intraoral images, panoramatic images – orthopantomography, as well as dental CT, e. i. 3D CT– three-dimensional computer tomography, if required).
If the dentist indicates, based on the images, that the most appropriate treatment is by implant intervention, he/she will prepare an individual treatment plan for the patient. The treatment plan includes information about all phases of the treatment, e. i. pre-implant phase, information about the procedure itself as well as about post-implant phase which includes a planned system of check-ups.
The dentist must also analyze and evaluate the mutual position of individual teeth or residual teeth, the mutual position of the upper and lower jaws and the patient is required to undergo also gnathologic examination during which the function of muscles and chewing is evaluated.
The results of all examinations are evaluated by the dentist or an implantologist who will set the final treatment plan. In this plan, a detailed schedule of the implant treatment is worked out, selected implants according to the needs of the patient listed, as well as the fixed price for the complex treatment calculated.
In many cases it is necessary to perform several pre-surgical interventions before the actual implant procedure in order to achieve the best possible conditions for the implant and a subsequent long-term stable result in the oral cavity. It is also vital to remove pathological microorganisms and in some cases it is inevitable to remove dead teeth, manage the inflammation of gums and parodontitis.
The patient is also recommended to take antibiotic and analgesic treatment before the implant procedure and this medication will be taken by the patient after the procedure too. Antibiotics are prescribed in order to create the most appropriate environment during the healing phase. Analgesics or pain killers are recommended mainly because it is not needed to take high doses of this medication later, after the procedure. Hence, a better ratio in the amount of the taken medications and their effectivity is achieved.